5-Star Enforcement and the Increasing Rules

Does your organization promote to customers or companies that may depart critiques or price your merchandise? Whether or not your prospects can depart critiques in your web site or one other public-facing assessment platform, firms ought to pay attention to new developments within the shopper assessment enforcement area which will affect the way you publicize and conduct your product ranking and assessment system.  In case you are not conscious of the increasing shopper assessment rules, it might price your organization tens of millions and even land you in jail.


Part 5 of the Federal Commerce Fee (FTC) Act (the Act) prohibits unfair and misleading acts and practices. Particularly, because the Act pertains to buyer critiques: destructive buyer critiques and scores can’t be suppressed or hidden; any incentives for critiques have to be disclosed; materials connections between a reviewer and the reviewed product have to be disclosed; and assessment gating is prohibited. The FTC has heightened its concentrate on shopper critiques as of late and proposed revisions to the Endorsement Guides for advertisers that will tighten enforcement towards posting false constructive critiques or manipulating shopper notion by suppressing destructive critiques, amongst different issues. The proposed guideline revisions would state that “in procuring, suppressing, boosting, organizing, or modifying shopper critiques of their merchandise, advertisers mustn’t take actions which have the impact of distorting or in any other case misrepresenting what customers consider their merchandise.” See Federal Register, Guides Regarding the Use of Endorsements and Testimonials in Promoting, Part IV (C) (July 26, 2022), https://www.federalregister.gov/documents/2022/07/26/2022-12327/guides-concerning-the-use-of-endorsements-and-testimonials-in-advertising. Along with broadening its Endorsement Guides, the FTC has already demonstrated a major improve in shopper assessment enforcement—together with pursuing elevated penalties and new priorities like assessment hijacking.


In February 2023, Hadis Nuhanovic, a service provider guide, was sentenced to twenty months in jail for collaborating in a worldwide scheme through which he bribed workers of a know-how platform to take away destructive on-line critiques on his shoppers’ merchandise and reinstate suspended accounts, amongst different unlawful actions reminiscent of stealing delicate firm info associated to product-review rankings and concentrating on his shoppers’ rivals on the platform. Nuhanovic, along with a co-defendant, reached out to platform workers in India and bribed them to acquire unfair benefits for his personal enterprise’ achieve. For instance, Nuhanovic admitted that he paid a platform worker to take away destructive critiques and additional admitted that he operated a number of sham accounts—created utilizing false info—to buy merchandise from retailers and submit destructive critiques about them, with the intention of deceiving customers and harming the focused accounts. Moreover, Nuhanovic used his sham accounts to go away constructive critiques for his most well-liked accounts, additional deceiving customers and enhancing the position of sure favored merchandise in searches.

Along with the assessment bribes, Nuhanovic was investigated for different associated crimes to which he in the end pled responsible. He was sentenced to 3 years of supervised launch on high of the 20 months in jail and compelled to forfeit $100,000 and pay $160,000 in unreported taxes.


“Evaluation hijacking” happens when an organization—in promoting its services or products—steals or repurposes critiques of one other services or products it presents. Evaluation hijacking constitutes false promoting and might happen when an organization merges its new merchandise with totally different, older however extra established merchandise that have already got scores, critiques or badges on an internet site.

In its first enforcement motion concentrating on buyer assessment hijacking, on February 16, 2023, the FTC obtained a consent settlement with The Bountiful Firm (Bountiful) for “manipulating product pages and deceiving customers” that included a $600,000 cost for shopper financial reduction. As alleged by the FTC, Bountiful abused a function, which allowed the corporate to trick customers into believing that its newly launched merchandise had extra scores and critiques, increased common scores, and “#1 Greatest Vendor” badges. Some platforms have a function that enables distributors to put new merchandise on the identical product element web page as older variations with the overall scores, common star ranking and critiques for all merchandise within the variation relationship; Bountiful, nonetheless, allegedly took benefit of that function to promote its complement merchandise with totally different formulations to spice up visibility and improve gross sales.

The FTC views this type of assessment hijacking as clearly misleading and unfair to customers and thus, has heightened its concentrate on firms who use this apply to spice up new merchandise’ scores and critiques.


The FTC and US Division of Justice’s broad enforcement signifies the businesses’ development towards pushing the boundaries on holding firms accountable for deceiving customers. Enforcement actions like Nuhanovic might sign a brand new prison method by the businesses to carry firms and people accountable for shopper deception, notably because it pertains to buyer critiques.

In response to Nuhanovic, some platforms have indicated they’ve techniques in place and groups organized to detect, examine and cease suspicious or criminality and maintain dangerous actors accountable. Firms with comparable product assessment or ranking techniques ought to arrange detection techniques and stay vigilant of makes an attempt each internally and externally to control buyer notion or be ready to face the results.